托福独立写作标题:

  The government should support artists or should artists support themselves.

  Introduction:

People contend that the government is not obligated to offer any kind of financial support to artists because they are just like other able-bodied and able-minded adults who are supposed to make a living by themselves.

 

引出话题:

又见用反方观念和反方理由引出话题。

 

But from my perspective, being artists is a unique profession and they deserve the extra attention from governments.

 

我方观念+ 下文总结:

转折表达我方观念:艺术需要政府支持。 

 

  Body paragraph 1

First of all, financial support to artists would enable current artists to contribute more to our society.

 

主题句:

扩展支持艺术利一:有利于艺术繁荣。

 

It is not uncommon in history that great artists were barricaded by financial problems or even gave up their callings eventually due to their pennilessness like Van Gogh and great Chinese painter Baishi Qi. Since artistic creation is a tedious and long-term process without tangible rewards, most artists might find it hard to afford their own living.

 

背景信息:

为什么作者会提出此分论点?历史上很多伟大的艺术家都因穷困放弃艺术。

 

If governments, at this point, assumed the responsibility to support artists, these talented and creative people would no doubt accomplish more truly innovative artistic works. After all, in order to devote their heart and soul to the pursuit of their real interest, people should first have the ability to support their basic necessities of life.

 

解释主题句:

写完背景,引入段落最重要的环节解释主题句:政府若能赞助艺术家,他们就能发明出更多伟大的艺术作品。毕竟,温饱是追求理想的前提。 

 

The United States movie industry is a great case in point. Due to the effective financial support given by the U.S. government, movie industry in this country is booming. Based on the subsidy offered by governments, filmmakers here are free and bold to explore every possibility. They can just let their wild imagination surge and their creative ideas spark. So, there is no wonder that people around the globe are willing to go to movie to appreciate the great and inspired films made by these innovative movie directors. 

 

举例论证:

作者用美国政府关于电影业的支持细化前方逻辑链:What kinds of specific support do governments give to artist? à How flourishing is art?  

 
  Body paragraph 2

Moreover, supporting art financially can benefit the whole society.

 

主题句:

扩展支持艺术利二:有利于整个社会。

 

It is tempting to think that it is not a necessary function for government to devote their limited budget to art. After all, art is never the basic needs for people. Query whether a starving person will prefer a good painting to even a bad meal?

 

段内退让:

作者在解释主题句之前先扔出一个错误理念作为退让:很多人会以为艺术并不值得政府花钱,毕竟,艺术并不是人们的基本需求。

 

However, the advocates of this argument forget that by allocating money to the arts governments actually help to solve those most pressing social problems they are concerned about like unemployment and starvation.

 

解释主题句:

转折,再次强调主题句。

 

 

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