【摘要】很多准备托福的同学也许都纠结过托福写作。无论是综合还是独立,想拿高分不准备是不行的。那么,托福写作中如何写出近满分的作文?下面是小编整理的关于托福写作技巧,希望对同学们有协助。

  (托福考试写作十句型,环球网校托福频道整理)

  Celebrity, youth culture and the question of role models

  The recent 2015 MTV Video Music Awards event was notable - not for the recognition of award recipients, but for the public spat between host Miley Cyrus and hip-hop artist Nicki Minaj.

  Whether real or staged, the hurling of insults and aggressive behavior dominated mainstream press coverage of the ceremony surely much to the delight of MTV.

  Both Minaj and Cyrus are known for courting controversy and have been criticized for being "bad" role models for young people, particularly girls and young women. But what if the mainstream media considered that young people actually use incidents such as this and celebrity culture in a wider sense in a whole host of complex ways to negotiate their identities?

  A well-publicized survey of UK parents with children under ten years old voted both Cyrus and Minaj as the worst role models for their daughters. This came even before the recent spat.

  The dislike of Minaj and Cyrus appears to be centered on their penchant for dressing provocatively and being outspoken about their sexuality. In predictable contrast, the Duchess of Cambridge was considered the most positive influence on young girls. The worst male offenders were musicians and performers Kanye West, Justin Bieber and former One Direction band member Zayn Malik.

  Obsessed with celebrity

  Discourse in this vein is not a new phenomenon. Musicians and performers have long been considered to influence young people in negative ways. In the 21st century, the impact of celebrity culture on society, especially on young people, has come under scrutiny.

  Are today's youth obsessed with celebrity? Is this detrimental to society? Can celebrities ever have a positive influence on young people? Does celebrity culture really matter? These are complex and plural questions to which there are few, if any, concrete answers. However, what is routinely ignored in mainstream media is young people's sense of agency.

  Much of the research and commentary surrounding such questions is centred on how celebrity culture may impact upon health and well being in terms of eating disorders or mental health issues.

  The rise and dominance of social media sites such as Instagram and their links to the glorification of "super-skinny" celebrities have been cited as influences in the rise of eating disorders in young people.

  The British Psychological Society recently said experts warned that youngsters are finding it increasingly difficult to cope with images permeating from a celebrity culture in which thin bodies are celebrated, larger ones are ridiculed and children are sexualised.

  Sense of identity

  It is logical to suggest that continual exposure to celebrity culture impacts in negative ways on some young people's senses of identity. This may well affect health and well being, but how this happens and to what degree is incredibly complex. We must also consider the ways in which the media choose to present rather narrow ideas about how celebrities - particularly female ones - should behave and how they should look.

  Those whose behaviour falls outside of these narrow ideas are often condemned as being wayward, controversial and difficult. Indeed young people may well negotiate their own gendered identities through the celebrity and by talking about them with their peers. The Celeb Youth project in the United Kingdom is an excellent example of much needed academic research into the field of celebrity and identity. It focused on the influence of celebrities in the construction of young people's aspirations.

  What is omitted from the media conversation about celebrities as role models is that many young people are more than capable of making informed, intelligent choices about which celebrities they follow and are becoming increasingly aware of the ways in which the media positions celebrities against each other in terms of race and class.

  Young people may connect with those that they feel best represent them as well as those that do not. Indeed, it is also fair to suggest that many young people have no interest in celebrity culture at all.

  It is the active and complex use of celebrity culture by young people to negotiate the world around them that is often lost in favor of sweeping generalizations about negative impacts. Perhaps rather than eliminating celebrity culture from the classroom, it could be used productively and constructively to allow young people to make sense of the world they are growing up in.

  Citation:

  

  适用标题:

  Celebrities are more important to younger people than they are to older people.

  The opinions of celebrities such as entertainers and athletes are more important to younger people than to older people.

  重点搭配和句子摘抄:

  public spat between: xxx跟xxx公共争吵

  the hurling of insults and aggressive behavior :

  猛烈的侮辱性和寻衅性的行为

  dominated mainstream press coverage :

  主导于主流媒体报道

  courting controversy :追求争议

  have been criticized for being "bad" role models for :

  作为一个糟糕的楷模被批判

  mainstream media :主流媒体

  A well-publicized survey:广为人知的调查

  to be centered on:主要是关于

  The dislike of Minaj and Cyrus appears to be centered on their penchant for dressing provocatively and being outspoken about their sexuality.

  对Minaj和Cyrus的厌恶主要体往常他们的暴露衣着和大谈她们的性观念的倾向。

  Discourse in this vein is not a new phenomenon.

  这个作风的论述不是新的现象。

  have long been considered to influence :

  不时被以为影响

  come under scrutiny:

  接受检查

  be obsessed with :着迷于

  Is detrimental to society:对社会有危害

  complex and plural questions :复杂的、复合的问题

  Much of the research and commentary surrounding such questions is centered on :

  很多研究和评论关于这种问题主要集中在xxx

  impact upon health and well being :影响安康和幸福

  eating disorders or mental health issues:饮食不规律、心理安康问题

  The rise and dominance of social media sites :

  社交媒体网站的崛起和

  finding it increasingly difficult to cope with :

  发现应对xxx愈加艰难了

  continual exposure to celebrity culture :

  继续接触名人文化

  is incredibly complex:难以想象的复杂

  are more than capable of making informed, intelligent choices about :

  完全有才干做关于xxx的基于信息的、智慧的决议

  becoming increasingly aware of :越来越意识到xxx

  falls outside of :不属于

  condemned as being wayward, controversial and difficult:

  被责备太翻云覆雨、争议和艰难

  connect with those that they feel best represent them :

  跟他们觉得能够最好代表他们的人树立联络

  sweeping generalizations about negative impacts:

  不加辨别的归为负面的影响

  eliminating celebrity culture from the classroom:

  从教室里面消除名人文化

  could be used productively and constructively :

  能够高效的、树立性的运用

  to make sense of the world :更好的体会这个世界

  适用标题:

  Celebrities are more important to younger people than they are to older people.

  The opinions of celebrities such as entertainers and athletes are more important to younger people than to older people.

  Now, in an age where we have more contact with celebrity gossip than we have ever had, we are faced with a question: what are the effects that superstars have on our youth?

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