Rhetorical Purpose questions目的题
• Why does the author mention/include/use …?
• The author …in order to …
• The author uses the example to ?
• …for … purpose?
The first generation to experience these changes did not adopt the new attitudes easily. The factory clock became the symbol of the new work rules. One mill worker who finally quit complained revealingly about "obedience to the ding-dong of the bell-just as though we are so many living machines." With the loss of personal freedom also came the loss of standing in the community. Unlike artisan workshops in which apprentices worked closely with the masters supervising them, factories sharply separated workers from management. Few workers rose through the ranks to supervisory positions, and even fewer could achieve the artisan’s dream of setting up one’s own business. Even well-paid workers sensed their decline in status.
4. In paragraph 4, the author includes the quotation from a mill worker in order to
○Support the idea that it was difficult for workers to adjust to working in factories
○To show that workers sometimes quit because of the loud noise made by factory machinery
○Argue that clocks did not have a useful function in factories
○Emphasize that factories were most successful when workers revealed their complaints
标题问，作者为什么引用工人的话。工人的话“One mill worker who finally quit complained revealingly about "obedience to the ding-dong of the bell-just as though we are so many living machines."”在文章的第三句呈现，作为和例子一样的目的，来支持本段的观念句，即第一句，The first generation to experience these changes did not adopt the new attitudes easily.(第一代阅历这些变化的人没有随意的顺应新的观念)。所以正确选项应该为观念句的同义交流。正确答案选择A，即支持一种观念，关于工人来说很难调整在工厂工作。B选项里面的工人退出(workers sometimes quit)没有提到，C选项里面的clocks did not have a useful function(钟表不能发挥有效作用)不对，最后D选项里面说到当工人埋怨的时分工厂最胜利，显然是不正确的。