小编就为大家整理了美文赏析:The roots of jazz,希望对大家有所帮助。

  The roots of jazz

  The folk songs and plantation dance music of black Americans contributed much to early jazz. These forms of music occurred throughout the Southern United States during the late 1800's.

  Ragtime, a musical style that influenced early jazz, emerged from the St. Louis, Mo., area in the late 1890's. It quickly became the most popular music style in the United States. Ragtime was an energetic and syncopated variety of music, primarily for the piano, that emphasized formal composition.

  The blues is a form of music that has always been an important part of jazz. The blues was especially widespread in the American South. Its mournful scale and simple repeated harmonies helped shape the character of jazz. Jazz instrumentalists have long exploited the blues as a vehicle for improvisation.

  Early jazz.

  Fully developed jazz music probably originated in New Orleans at the beginning of the 1900's. New Orleans style jazz emerged from the city's own musical traditions of band music for black funeral processions and street parades. Today, this type of jazz is sometimes called classic jazz, traditional jazz, or Dixieland jazz. New Orleans was the musical home of the first notable players and composers of jazz, including cornetists Buddy Bolden and King Oliver, cornetist and trumpeter Louis Armstrong, saxophonist and clarinetist Sidney Bechet, and pianist Jelly Roll Morton.

  Jazz soon spread from New Orleans to other parts of the country. Fate Marable led a New Orleans band that played on riverboats traveling up and down the Mississippi River. King Oliver migrated to Chicago, and Jelly Roll Morton performed throughout the United States. Five white musicians formed a band in New Orleans, played in Chicago, and traveled to New York City, calling themselves the Original Dixieland Jazz Band (the spelling was soon changed to "Jazz"). This group made the earliest jazz phonograph recordings in 1917. Mamie Smith recorded "Crazy Blues" in 1920, and recordings of ragtime, blues, and jazz of various kinds soon popularized the music to a large and eager public.

  The 1920's

  The 1920's have been called the golden age of jazz or the jazz age. Commercial radio stations, which first appeared in the 1920's, featured live performances by the growing number of jazz musicians. New Orleans; Memphis; St. Louis; Kansas City, Missouri; Chicago; Detroit; and New York City were all important centers of jazz.

  A group of Midwest youths, many from Chicago's Austin High School, developed a type of improvisation and arrangement that became known as "Chicago style" jazz. These musicians included trumpeters Jimmy McPartland and Muggsy Spanier; cornetist Bix Beiderbecke; clarinetists Frank Teschemacher, Pee Wee Russell, Mezz Mezzrow, and Benny Goodman; saxophonists Frankie Trumbauer and Bud Freeman; drummers Dave Tough, George Wettling, and Gene Krupa; and guitarist Eddie Condon. They played harmonically inventive music, and the technical ability of some of the players, especially Goodman, was at a higher level than that of many earlier performers.

  In New York City, James P. Johnson popularized a new musical style from ragtime called stride piano. In stride piano, the left hand plays alternating single notes and chords that move up and down the scale while the right hand plays solo melodies, accompanying rhythms, and interesting chordal passages. Johnson strongly influenced other jazz pianists, notably Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Art Tatum, Fats Waller, and Teddy Wilson.

  Fletcher Henderson was the first major figure in big band jazz. In 1923, he became the first leader to organize a jazz band into sections of brass, reed, and rhythm instruments. His arranger, Don Redman, was the first to master the technique of scoring music for big bands. Various Henderson bands of the 1920's and 1930's included such great jazz instrumentalists as Louis Armstrong and saxophonists Benny Carter and Coleman Hawkins.

  中国另有话说“读书百遍其义自见”,读书多了,一些很难懂的道理自然就会明白,这对于考生们打开思路、解答题目很有帮助。希望大家平时能够养成阅读的习惯,提高自己的托福阅读水平。

试听外教课

相关推荐

托福阅读背景材料之说谎容易影响健康

In The Dilemma,Vince Vaughn’s character is keeping a huge secret from his best friend: His wife is cheating on him. Vaughn’s “dilemma,” of course, is whether or not to tell his buddy. But, he may not know he’s also putting him

托福口语 美剧中的那些地道搭配

托福口语调查的基础是词汇内容,任何状况下词汇短语都是至关重要的,而托福口语中可能会触及到很多美剧口语固定运用。下面小编就为大家整理了美剧中的托福口语固定搭配,希

托福听力:如何进行精听练习

托福听力的学习过程中是有很多要做的工作需要完成的,托福听力资料的精听以及关于考试办法的学习,这都是大家要在托福听力训练中做的事情,那么详细都有什么又要怎么中止呢

托福写作之关于买东西

在托福独立写作中,有一类话题是关于买东西的。它可能会问到应不应该贵重的东西;应不应该买漂亮但不适用的东西;应不应该买国外消费的东西等等。遇到这类标题的时分我们也不用

雅思新词汇 外媒如何翻译“洪荒之力”?

编者按: 英国广播公司(BBC)、澳洲“news.com.au”等将“洪荒之力”都写成“prehistoric powers”,字面意思是“史前的力气”。 代表中国参与里约奥运会的中国游泳运发起傅园慧,因受