框架构建计划

  托福写作考试主要体型分类为:IDO形式(introduction discussion opinion即引入观念,正反论证和提出结论),PES形式(phenomenon explanation solutions 即现象描画,解释阐明和问题处置)和issue形式(to what extant do you agree or disagree)。所以考生在考试前有必要把每个模块的表达句型准备好,最好形成自己的模块,只要考到该考点都用相应的形式去写作,这是第一步。

  下面以最常考的issue为例给大家一个范本,以有保管的肯定作为基本立场,在此仅供各位做一个基本的参考:

  I agree with the speaker’s broad assertion that…. However,the speaker unnecessarily extends this broad assertion to embrace…. My points of contention with the speaker involve…,as discussed below.

  I concede that the speaker is on the correct philosophical side of this issue. After all,….

  While…,at the same time we should be circumspect about…. After all,….

  The speaker’s assertion is troubling in two other respects as well. First,…. Secondly… . For instance…

  In sum,the speaker’s assertion that… begs the question,because…. As for the broader assertion,I agree that…. Nevertheless,…. In the final analysis,given … we are forced to strike a balance in how we ….

  当然,这个中央只是给大家一个例子,终究如何总结这个框架,和考生平常阅读是分不开的。能够从美文的范文或者官方给出的样文中自己提炼出属于自己的框架,但是最重要的是考试一定要在平常针对不同的考试标题来重复熟练的运用这个模块,才干保证自己在考场上能够熟习自如地运用这个写作思绪。

  内容填实计划

  如何填实中间段落的内容,主要从两个方面入手,一个是要掌握常见的标题的观念以及论据,另一个是要掌握常见的论证伎俩。下面分别做简单引见。

  常见观念的准备是十分重要的,一定要针对托福考试常调查的话题做考前总结,做到熟习话题,针对话题能够提出相应的观念,并且能自如的用英语表达相关的观念和例子。常见的考试话题范围做如下总结和归结,希望考生考前做好应对准备:animal experiments; censorship; compete or play; youth drug abuse; e-book or p-book; female juvenile crime; intelligent machines replacement; mandatory retirement age; overweight; corporal punishments; littering problems; evaluate and criticize teachers; cities are becoming lager; the Olympic games; TV and children; vegetarian diet or eating meat; honest and white lies; taking a gap year; capital punishment; job-hopping; censorship of the internet; the disappearance of language and culture; marijuana; government subsidize artists and musicians.

  这些给大家罗列了常见的话题,大家做好充沛的准备是十分有必要的,能够每个话题经过同意和反对或者现象解释处置等角度总结常见的词汇和表达。

  当然准备一些通用性的观念也是十分有必要的,比如各位考生在考试没有太充沛准备的观念是能够从如下几个方面加以思索的:经济、时间、安康、便当、心理、感情、权益、环境、文化和道德。

  提出观念后剩下的是需要论证观念了,要掌握常见的论证伎俩:比如数听阐明、实验结果、引用权威、逸闻趣事、实践事例、调查采访等等。这些段落也需要模块化,事前做好充沛的准备,考试的时分能够直接运用模块,交流内容即可。下面以引用权威的名人名言为例给大家做一个简单引见:

  To illustrate it profoundly and comprehensively,I would like to cite what one of my favorite writers Francis Bacon ever mentioned: Histories make men wise; poems witty; the mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. We can easily build up an accurate picture of implications behind his/her words.

  考试能够依照需要交流有下划线的字体内容,从而抵达模块化过程。其他的例子限于篇幅不逐个展开,这里主要呈现一个基本思绪。小编预祝同学们在托福考试中取得好的成果。

  [报考]考试动态丨政策解析丨考试须知丨备考阅历丨TPO在线下载丨专家指导丨托福预测

  [备考]托福写作丨托福口语丨托福阅读丨托福听力丨托福词汇丨托福语法丨托福机经

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