An MBA is a fast ticket to the big time. On average, those who complete a course with a top school can expect to earn six-figure salaries three years after graduation. But despite generous scholarships and campaigns to encourage them to apply, women are a minority on prestigious business school courses.

  MBA学位是通向事业胜利的直达车票。平均而言,完成某所顶级商学院MBA课程的学生,能够希冀在毕业三年后取得六位数的年薪。但在知名商学院课程中,女性仍是少数,固然有各种大方的奖学金和活动鼓舞她们申请。

  Four in 10 applicants on two-year, full-time MBAs in 2017 were women, compared with 33 per cent in 2013, according to the Graduate Management Admission Council. But women’s growing interest in business education has not led to more diverse MBA cohorts. Five years ago, women accounted for a third of students on the top 100 MBA programmes ranked by the Financial Times. Today, the figure has barely budged.

  管理学研究生入学委员会(Graduate Management Admission Council,简称GMAC)的数据显示,2017年,两年制全日制MBA课程的10名申请者中有4名是女性,而2013年的比例为33%。但是,女性对商科教育兴趣上升,并没有带来更为多元化的MBA学员群体。五年前,在英国《金融时报》评选的排名前100的MBA课程中,女性占三分之一。往常,这个数字简直没有变化。

  The average cost of an MBA is $100,000 plus an average opportunity cost, or the income lost from not working, of $103,000, FT data show. Given that women’s salaries on average were 91 per cent of their male peers before joining MBA programmes ranked by outcomes for women, saving up the cost of such personal investment is a greater sacrifice for women.

  英国《金融时报》数据显示,MBA课程的平均本钱为10万美圆外加10.3万美圆的平均机遇本钱(即放弃工作形成的收入损失)。思索到女性在就读MBA课程之前平均工资水平为男性同龄人的91%,为担负这种个人投资的本钱而存钱对女性而言是更大的牺牲。

  And there is evidence to suggest that an MBA exaggerates the gender pay gap: three years after graduation women on average made 86 per cent of their male peers’ pay, the data reveal.

  还有证据似乎标明,MBA学位会拉大性别工资差距。数据显示:毕业三年后,平均而言女性的薪酬为男性同学的86%。

  Women receive a lower return on investment, says Elissa Ellis Sangster, executive director of Forte Foundation, a consortium of business schools and companies trying to improve women’s access to business education. But, she adds, “the return will still be high”.

  复地基金会是一个由商学院和企业组成的团体,旨在改善女性取得商科教育的渠道。其执行总监爱丽萨.埃利斯.桑斯特(Elissa Ellis Sangster)表示,妇女的投资报答较低。但她补充说,“报答还是很高的”。

  Either way, women need to know that their investment is going to pay off. That means taking into account which MBA will help them counter future pay discrimination, and which schools are best at teaching and developing their female graduates while promoting them to employers.

  无论如何,女性需要晓得她们的投资将会带来报答。这意味着要思索哪些MBA课程将有助于她们反制未来的薪酬歧视,哪些商学院最擅长对女性学员执教,培育她们,在她们毕业时把她们推介给雇主。

  The FT’s Global MBA ranking, published in January, does not capture whether women do as well as their male peers on graduation. That is why, for the first time, the FT has ranked business schools according to their outcomes for women — and the results are significantly different.

  英国《金融时报》在1月份发表的全球MBA排行榜,并没有阐明女学员在毕业后的去向能否像男学员一样好。这就是为什么英国《金融时报》初次依据女学员的毕业后表现对商学院中止排名-而结果有显著不同。

  The top MBAs for women ranking tells us at which schools women perform best, and where there seems to be a gap between the outcomes of male and female graduates.

  最有利于女性的MBA课程排行榜通知我们,哪些商学院的女性在毕业后表现最好,而哪些商学院的男女学员在毕业后表现上似乎存在差距。

  Some schools that rank in the mid-range of the Global MBA ranking shoot to the top in this new ranking. Most of those are based in China, including Shanghai Jiao Tong: Antai, which tops the list.

  在全球MBA排行榜上居于中流的一些学校,在新榜单上数一数二。其中多数商学院位于中国,包括摘得桂冠的上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院。

  Emily Jin graduates from Antai’s part-time MBA programme in May. She says Chinese women’s interest in business education is growing as they get richer. “Especially in Shanghai, women are more and more independent and decide to spend their own money to develop themselves,” says Ms Jin.

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