点击查看>>>>雅思索试2015年终清点及2016备考规划

  很多“烤鸭”同学为了出国读本科或者是硕士,或多或少都需要抵达雅思写作单科6分的水平。可是,就这么一个6分,却难倒了不少同学。为什么那么多同学都会卡在6分这个瓶颈呢?新东方雅思陈蜀东教员通知你,原因很简单,语法不过关。那么该如何进步呢? 听陈蜀东教员给你细细道来。

  好多同学多会说,雅思写作要大词,大语法,各种从句诌上去就好了。实践不然,雅思写作要求准确,即便是你运用正确的简单的语法,也能能够拿到想要的分数。那终究语法要怎么突破呢?

  要突破语法需要从7个语法知识点动身:英语句子的成分、简单句和并列句、名词性从句、定语从句、状语从句、非谓语以及标点符号。

  接下来,我会给大家讲一下英语句子的成分以及简单句和并列句。

  英语句子的成分(Elements of English Sentences)

  英语句子的成分包括主语、谓语、宾语、表语、定语、状语、补语以及同位语。

  主语能够有名词、名词短语、代词、动名词、从句等充任。例如:

  Schools should make efforts to provide a well-rounded education and produce well-rounded individuals. (名词作主语)

  Participating in sports can enhance students’ physical health. (动名词作主语)

  What the teachers should do is to help their students with their confidence. (从句作主语)

  其中,考生要注意的是动名词和从句做主语,谓语动词用第三人称单数。

  谓语动词是有动词的各个时态构成的。在雅思写作Task 2中,需要注意的是一般往常时态、往常完成时态和未来时态的运用,同是也需要注意神态动词的运用办法。而在Task 1中,还需要注意的运用的时态有一般过去时态, 过去完成时态,以及用be likely/predicted to do表示的未来预测。

  宾语是在及物动词或介词后的成分,一般能够用名词、名词词组、代词、动名词和从句等构成;表语是放在系动词之后的成分,而be动词是运用最普遍的系动词。除此之外,系动词还有become,turn,go等。

  以上几种成分是中心成分,而定语、状语、补语和同位语都是句子的附加成分。有了这些成分,会使得句子愈加丰满,相反,会显得有些单调。例如:

  She is a girl. →

  She is a tall, slim and beautiful girl.

  People can be sent to hospitals, and get treatments by doctors with equipment.

  People can be sent to hospitals immediately and get effective treatments by experienced and professional doctors with advanced medical equipment.

  从上面两句话不难发现,增加了形容词和副词的句子会愈加生动一些,描画也愈加详细。

  简单句和并列句(Simple Sentences & Compound Sentences)

  简单句和并列句是雅思写作的基本句型。纵观《剑桥雅思真题1》到《剑桥雅思真题10》的写作考官范文,考官的作文也是以简单句和并列句为主,其他难句子只是一个辅助作用。

  简单句有五种基本句型:

  S + V (主语 + 谓语[不及物动词])

  Dogs bark. (狗叫。)

  Jack smiled. (杰克微笑了。)

  S + V + O(主语 + 谓语[及物动词] + 宾语)

  He collects stamps. (他集邮。)

  He teaches English. (他教英语。)

  S + LV + P(主语 + 系动词 + 表语)

  Reading is a pleasure. (阅读是一种乐趣。)

  The movie was good. (这部电影不错。)

  S + V + O + OC(主语 + 谓语[及物动词] + 宾语 + 宾补)

  The teachers consider my brother as a genius. (教员以为我哥哥是个天才。)

  They appointed him manager. (他们任命了他为经理。)

  S + V + + IO + DO(主语 + 谓语[及物动词] + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语)

  Jim bought Mary a present. (吉姆给玛丽买了一件礼物。)

  The tailor made John a suit. (裁缝给约翰做了一套衣服。)

  并例句其实就是“简单句+连词+简单句”构成的。

  and表示“和,且”

  He had plenty of money and he spent it freely. (他有很多钱,而且很随意地花。)

  I said it and I meant it. (我说到做到。)

  besides,moreover,furthermore,further,in addition,also,likewise,similarly,again等,这些副词作连词,之前通常用分号或句号。

  It is too late to go for a walk now; besides, it is beginning to rain.

  (往常散步太晚了,何况又开端下雨了。)

  but

  He may be a man of character, but (he) cannot be a man of ability.

  (他可能是一个有个性的人,但不可能是个有才干的人。)

  whereas,while,still,yet,and yet,but yet,这些词语前能够用逗号;however,nevertheless,on the other hand前用分号

  Some people like fat meat, whereas others hate it.

  (有些人喜欢吃肥肉,相反地,有些人却厌恶肥肉。)

  He went out, while I stayed at home.

  (他进来了,而我却留在家里。)

  (他很有钱,但是他还不满足。)

  Our task is hard; however, we should preserve to the end.

  (我们的任务很艰巨,但是我们应该坚持到底。)

  He has faults; nevertheless, we love him.

  (他有缺陷,可是我们喜欢他。)

  or

  Do you want a bath at once or shall I have mine first?

  (你想立刻洗澡还是我先洗?)

  Do not drive so fast or you will have an accident.

  (不要开太快了,否则会出车祸的。)

  else,or else前用逗号或分号;otherwise前用分号。

  You must study hard; or else you will fail.

  (你一定要努力学习,不然就会失败。)

  Leave the room; otherwise you will be caught.

  (分开这个房间,否则你会被捉住。)

  so

  He was very tired from walking, so he sat down to take a little rest.

  (他做路走得很疲倦,所以坐下来休息一会儿。)

  He was borne and brought up in Australia, so he can speak English.

  (他生在在澳大利亚,所以他会说英语。)

  therefore,thus,consequently,accordingly,then,hence都是副词,前面要用分号或与and连用。

  He was out of health, and therefore he could not go to school.

  (他身体不是很安康,所以不能上学。)

  He has done very good work for the society; therefore, he deserves great praise.

  (他为社会做了很多好事,所以他应该遭到高度褒扬。)

  for

  He must have passed this way, for there are his foot-prints.

  (他一定是从这条路走的,因为这里有他的足迹。)

  It must have rained during the night, for the road is wet.

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