点击查看>>>>雅思索试2015年终清点及2016备考规划

  判别题是雅思阅读考试中十分重要的题型,纵观2015年的雅思索试,雅思阅读判别题的比重不时都很大,每次考试的判别题简直都会在两篇文章中呈现。所以,考生在备考中应对其有足够的重视,熟练掌握判别题的出题规律以及解题技巧。

  通常我们解答判别题的办法是剖析标题☞找定位☞标考点词☞再到原文找定位词☞比较剖析原文信息和标题考点词的关系,若同义交流则TRUE;若矛盾关系,则FALSE;若标题考点词和原文无关,则NOT GIVEN.

  判别题的考点主要分为九类:数字考点,承认考点,因果考点,目的考点,绝对词考点,水平副词或形容词考点,趋向词考点,比较类考点,和客观事实(谓语动词或表语)考点。熟练掌握这几类考点的特征是快速准确剖析结论的前提。阅读各题型的难度较之前都有一定的进步。例如在剑11中呈现的填空题的少数乱序现象,判别题的难度主要体往常定位障碍,定位词交流,跨段出题频繁等等。所以本文详细剖析剑桥11中第一套第二篇文章的判别题。

  14. The Falkirk Wheel has linked the Forth & Clyde Canal with the Union Canal for the first time in history.定位词选择专有名词Forth & Clyde Canal和Union Canal,考点是for the first time,原文对应第一段引见Falkirk Wheel的历史背景: The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland is the world’s first and only rotating boat life. Opened in 2002, it is central to the ambitious…to restore navigability across Scotland by reconnecting the historic waterways of the Forth & Clyde and the Union Canals.原文中呈现了reconnect 表示又一次将Forth & Clyde和Union Canals衔接起来通航。所以和考点词‘first time’矛盾,结论是FALSE。

  15 There was some opposition to the design of the Falkirk Wheel at first.定位词‘design’考点是能否存在opposition,文中并没有直接呈现design,但是相似的信息出往常第三段,经过第三段的首句‘Numerous ideas were submitted for the project, including concepts ranging from rolling eggs to tilting tanks, from… ’能够看出,本段是计划提出阶段,所以和design相关。紧接着,原文内容是‘The eventual winner was a plan for the huge rotating steel boat lift which was become the Falkirk Wheel.’之后是触及的升船机的结构特性。所以并没有提及和标题有关信息,因而本题结论为NOT GIVEN。

  16. The Falkirk Wheel was initially put together at the location where its components were manufactured.经过定位components,可在第四段的第一句看到various parts, 定位词交流,水平副词考点 initially put together,原文第四段前两句‘The various parts of The Falkirk Wheel were all constructed and assembled…at Butterley Engineering ‘s Steelworks in Derbyshire, some 400km from Falkirk. A team there carefully assembled the 1,200 tonnes of steel, painstakingly fitting the pieces together to…’主要对应考点词的为 assemble 组装,及 fit…together.即在零件消费地先中止一切的零件组装。所以本题结论为TRUE.

  17.The Falkirk Wheel is the only boat lift in the world which has steel sections bolted together by hand.

  本题的定位词可选较多,steel section,hand, 考点词也十分明显,绝对次only,原文第四段最后两句,The Wheel would need to withstand immense and constantly changing stresses as it rotated, so to make the structure more robust, the steel sections were bolted rather than welded together. Over 45,000 bolt holes were marched with their boats, and each bolt was hand-tightened.原文没有提及only。

  小同伴看到这个标题是不是觉得很熟习,本题的套路和剑9第一篇判别题‘The tree from which quinine is derived grow only in South America’的考点对应关系是一致的,都是在原文没有提及only,所以该题的结论为NOT GIVEN.

  18 The weight of the gondolas varies according the size of boat being carried.定位词gondolas,考点是谓语动词varies‘变化’,原文定位之后在第五段第二句话呈现了引号‘gondolas’,所以该标题定位较容易,经过精读原句,在定位词呈现的下一句,‘These gondolas always weigh the same, whether or not they are carrying boats.’原文的 same和考点词varies是矛盾关系,所以结论为FALSE。

  19. The construction of the Falkirk Wheel site took into account the presence of a nearby ancient monument.定位词ancient monument 考点 took into account… 即思索到了…定位词ancient monument 十分难找,关于不晓得单词含义的同学,这道题难度就大了很多。ancient monument历史古迹,在原文的最后一段呈现了the presence of historically important Antonine Wall, which was built by the Romans in the second century AD. 为了维护历史古迹,工程的建造经过一个管道,从墙下穿过,所以这个题的结论是TRUE。

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