注意:千万不要简单地重复引言段的内容,而是应该融入主体段的种种论点,然后再中止一个综合性的整理,以便形成一个全面的结论。

  结尾段三种形式

  1、综合归结式

  标题:In some countries the average worker is obliged to retire at the age of 50 while in others people can work until they are 65 or 70. Meanwhile, we see some politicians enjoying power well into their eighties. Clearly, there is little agreement on an appropriate retirement age. Until what age do you think people should be encouraged to remain in paid employment? Give reasons for your answer.

  在该文的引言段中,作者标明了自己的观念:It is my belief, however, that the longer an able person is allowed to work, the better for both the individual worker and the employer. 因而,主体段议论的就是年长的员工给企业,自己以至政府等三方面带来的诸多益处。

  把上述的种种论点中止一个综合性的归结,我们能够有如下的结尾段:

  Thus, workers who can still demonstrate their capacity to carry out their work should not be asked to retire simply because they have reached a certain age. Societies that insist on early retirement may do well to look again at their policies。

  其中,thus…..是表示结论的衔接词。结尾段中提出的结论是:只要员工具有胜任工作的才干,就能够继续保管在其工作岗位上。同时有指出:坚持提早退休的社会制度应当重新思索其相关政策。这样的结尾就很好地把员工,企业和政府三方面有效地分离了起来。

  2、比较对照式

  标题:The idea of going overseas for university study is an exciting prospect for many people. But while it may offer some advantages, it is probably better to stay home because of the difficulties a student inevitably encounters living and studying in a different culture. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement? Give reasons for your answer.

  作者在引言段中的观念是:But while overseas study has its drawbacks, the difficulties are far outweighed by the advantages. Indeed, people who go abroad for study open themselves up to experiences that those who stay at home will never have.因而,在主体段中,作者就着重论述海外留学的种种益处。

  作为总结,结尾段可仿照引言段的写作手法,把海外留学的弊端与益处中止一个鲜明的比较和对照。下面是该文结尾段的一个范例:

  In conclusion, while any anxiety about going overseas for university study is certainly understandable, it is important to remember that the benefits offered by the experience make it well worthwhile.

  其中,in conclusion……为暗示结尾的衔接词。结尾段中用while中止对比,既指出关于海外留学的担忧是不无道理的,但同时更指出其益处是极有价值的。

  3、高瞻远瞩式

  标题:The mass media, including television, radio and newspapers, have great influence in shaping people’s ideas. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give reasons for your answer.

  在引言段中,作者是这样表达自己对大众传媒的观念的:The mass media have a powerful influence in shaping our lives. We have come to depend on them for information and entertainment, and in doing so, we let them affect important aspects of our lives.

  在这种形式中,我们先能够简单地小结一下,然后,用强调的话语把事物的展开趋向推至未来,指出其未来的展开势头。下面是该形式的结尾段范文:

  In summary, I would agree that the mass media’s influence is certainly great. Indeed, with technological advancements such as the Internet bringing even more forms of electronic media to our homes and workplaces, it is likely that the media’s influence will grow even stronger.

  其中,in summary……是表示结尾的衔接词。第一句话简单地总结了大众传媒的庞大作用,随后用indeed……中止进一步论述,指出随着科技的展开,特别是因特网的提高,大众传媒的影响将日益普遍和深化。

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