sth. be an arduous process
可替换：sth. is an exhausting thing to do
Attending a university with a top-tier reputation often is an arduous but rewarding process.
1. be very rewarding
Teaching can be a very rewarding career. It allows teachers to have an input in the development of young lives.
2. someone's aspiration / pursuit
The educational aspirations/pursuits of rural youth tend to be different from those of students living elsewhere.
concentrate on sth.
Some people think it is more effective to educate boys and girls in single-sex schools because they believe this environment reduces distractions and encourage pupils to concentrate on their studies.
一些人认为在男 校或女校教育孩子更为有效，因为单一性别的环境可以减少干扰并 鼓励孩子们集中精力地学习。(剑8例句)
1. form the basis of sth.
Traditional ways of teaching form the basis of the lesson.
use lateral thinking
可替换：think in a creative way
Using lateral thinking, the students can solve problems in an unconventional manner (不走寻常路的方式)now.
1. rely on linear thinking
The students should not rely on linear thinking habits. Instead, they should think more innovatively.
2. break the mould
He made an attempt to break the mould of British politics.
Tyler’s academic performance has been disappointing.
1. academic qualifications
Today academic qualifications are essential for getting a reasonable career.
2. standardised test
High scores on standardised tests are not necessarily the best indicator of giftedness (有天赋).
Lessons last for a standardised 50 minutes and are always followed by a 10-minute break, which gives the pupils a chance to let off steam.
3. be gifted / be talented
In the process of being educated we can learn from the achievements of those more gifted than ourselves.
可替换：remember sth. mechanically
Rote memorisation is not entirely useless. It can help children to learn the basics such as the multiplication tables.
learn sth. by heart
The view of repetitively boring lessons and learning the facts by heart may be unfair and unjustified.
Some people argue that examinations do not motivate students to read extensively.
1. induce cramming
It concerns some parents that these examinations may induce cramming.
No one minds mistakes or ignorance as long as you are prepared to learn from them.
standard of upright conduct
可替换：to judge what is right and wrong
At school students should be taught respect for the rights of others and standards of upright conduct.
1. students ‘autonomy
Students’ autonomy should be encouraged when there are not enough teachers to go around.
Lydia lacks self-discipline and is unable to finish anything.
My elder brother has always been a role model for me.
set a good example
His dad was always telling him to set a good example for his younger brother.
meet someone's expectations
His academic performance failed to meet his parents’ expectations.
1. fall short of someone's expectations
Jamie kept falling short of my expectations.
2. cannot be guaranteed success
So far no teaching methods can be guaranteed success.
cover a lot of ground
可替换：learn a great amount of information in a class
We’ve covered a lot of ground in this class in the past couple of months.
1. be well-rounded
She’s a well-rounded person who not only works hard but also has a varied social life.
2. comprehensive coverage of sth.
The impression is that the logical nature of the textbooks and their comprehensive coverage of different types of examples renders work sheets unnecessary.
self-paced learning / education
可替换study at one's own speed
Self-paced distance learning offers students convenience and flexibility.
The core curriculum provide the necessary general education for students, irrespective of their fields of interest.
the aims of education
The aims of education should not be restricted to the development of knowledge or skill.
1. academic attainment
Japan has a significantly better record in terms of average mathematical attainment than England and Wales.
2. specialise in sth.
Grant Freeman，a biologist who specialises in identifying insects, has come to talk to us about his current research work.
These extra-curricular activities offer students an outlet for creativity and problem-solving.
Some people believe that uniforms can promote equality and encourage better behaviour at school.
School uniforms may repress individuality and deny students the freedom of choice.
Some people believe that co-education can make children feel more comfortable in the company of the opposite sex.
1. a single sex school
Some people argue that single sex schools impose abnormal conditions upon children.
2. mixed-ability class
It is remarkable that large mixed-ability classes could be kept together for maths throughout all their compulsory schooling.
值得一提的是在整个义务教育阶段具有不同层次能力的学生们都可以一起学习数学。 (剑8 例句)
3. distinguish sb. /sth. from
Importantly，our commonly held feelings can help distinguish us from other cultures.
Even though the great majority of students are well-behaved, there is a small minority that engage in anti-social behaviour.
Apart from a very small minority, the students are well-behaved.
The book deals with the joys and sorrows of adolescence.
1. a healthy/positive outlook on life
A healthy outlook on life can help students to succeed both academically and socially.
2. well-adjusted adults
Educators should ensure that today’s students will become productive and well-adjusted adults of tomorrow.
drop out of school
In this country, each year many students are forced to drop out of school.
Some students skip school because they dislike the material taught in class.
come of age
可替换：become an adult
In some countries，to come of age means to reach the age when someone is legally recognized as an adult and is legally responsible for his/her own behaviour.