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  Atheists Turn to Science During Times of Stress

  无神论者在面对压力时会求助于科学

  It's well known that religious faith can help believerscope with stress and anxiety, by providing themwith a sense of meaning and control at times ofuncertainty. It now seems that a "belief" in scienceand a rationalistic outlook might do the same for thenon-religious.

  众所周知,宗教信仰能够给信徒提供一种意义感和对不肯定事物的控制感,协助信徒应对压力和焦虑。往常,从科学和理性的角度上来说,一种“信念”也同样能协助到那些不信教者。

  A team of psychologists led by Miguel Farias at the University of Oxford asked 52 rowers to fillin a "belief in science" questionnaire just before taking part in a competitive regatta. Theygave the same test—in which participants had to score statements such as "science is the mostvaluable part of human culture" —to a similar number of rowers at a training session. Thequestionnaire also assessed self-reported stress levels and degree of religious belief.

  在牛津大学米格尔·法里亚斯指导下的心理学家团队让52名桨手在竞争猛烈的帆船赛开端前填写了一份调查询卷。他们同时也让参与培训课程的52名桨手填写了相同的问卷。在问卷中,参与者必需对例如“科学是人类文化中最有价值的部分”的陈说给予评分。问卷还会对自评的压力水平和宗教信仰的水平中止评价。

  Farias and colleagues discovered that those about to race were both more stressed, and ratedtheir belief in science 14 per cent higher than those who were simply training. The findingsreflect a growing body of psychological evidence that people find comfort in times ofthreat by moving closer to certain aspects of their world view—conservatives become moreconservative, for example, liberals more liberal, religious believers more devout.

  法里亚斯和他的同伴发现,那些将要参与竞赛的人的压力更大,同时他们对科学的相信水平比那些仅仅参与培训课程的桨手高出14%。调查结果反映出越来越多的心理证据标明,人们经过愈加接近某一特定的世界观以便在面对生命威胁的时分找到温馨的觉得,例如激进派变得愈加激进,自由派变得愈加自由,宗教信徒变得愈加忠实。

  Farias speculates that a rationalist outlook would provide similar relief. "Any kind of beliefsystem helps you structure your perception of reality," he says. "It allows you to think of theuniverse in a particular meaningful way." The researchers have begun a similar study usingscientists who are religious to see how the two belief systems interact in response to stress.

  法里亚斯推测,理性主义者的观念也会有相似的觉得。他说:“任何一种信仰体系都能够协助你构建对现实的见地,它能够让你用一个具有特定意义的方式来思索这个宇宙。”研究者已经开端了相似的研究,他们运用拥有宗教信仰的科学家作为研究对象,试图找出两种信仰体系在面对压力时存在的交互影响。

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