在考研英语中,阅读分数可谓是占到了总分的半壁江山,正所谓“得阅读者得考研”。关于备考2016考研的同学们,在平常的温习中一定要拓展阅读思绪,各类话题都要关注,这样才干在整体上提升考研英语阅读水平!新东方网考研频道考研分享《2016考研英语阅读精选》,一起来学习吧!

  A Lighter Ball and Chain

  锁链更轻了

  During the boom years, Americans borrowed andbinged. The hangover has been long and throbbing,but after five years of water and aspirin, householdfinances are looking healthier. In the fourth quarterof 2012 the average "debt-service ratio" for Americanhouseholds fell to its lowest level since recordsbegan in 1980. That is, households were spendingless of their disposable income on paying intereston mortgages, consumer loans and other types of credit than at any point in the past threedecades.

  在经济繁荣的年代,美国人大量贷款与放贷。这样的后遗症持续时间长,而且不稳定,但经过五年的处置和治疗,家庭财务状况正逐步好转。2012年第四季度美国度庭的平均"债务出借比率"跌至自1980年记载以来最低水平。这意味着,美国度庭已减少他们在抵押贷款的利息、消费贷款和其他类型的信贷方面的可支配收入,这比过去三年任一类型的支出都要少。

  New figures released by the Federal Reserve show a small rise in the first quarter of 2013,butthe household debt-service burden appears to have bottomed out.

  最新发布的数据显示,美联储在2013年第一季度有小幅度上升,但家庭的债务担负似乎已抵达最低限度了。

  People have been paying down unmanageable old debt and taking out fewer and smaller newloans. Rising house prices have also helped homeowners, at least recently. CoreLogic, a researchfirm, reports that 1.7m households have escaped negative equity over the past year, the valueof their home now exceeds their mortgage debt. Remarkably, household net worth, at $70.3trillion, has hit an all time high (though relative to the overall economy it remains below levelsin previous booms).

  人们已经将犹如一团乱麻的旧债还清,并且采用既少且小的新贷款。房价的上升对私房房主也有一定的协助,至少目前还在获利。CoreLogic,一家研究公司报告指出,在过去的一年里,有170万家庭处置了负资产,即他们房屋的市值已经超越他们抵押的债务。神奇的是,家庭净资产抵达了70.3万亿美圆,也创下了新高(固然整体经济状况仍低于以前经济繁荣时期)。

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