Here's your heads up for the day: most standardized tests have a reading comprehension section. I'm fairly certain you knew that, but in case you didn't, you're welcome. What you may not have known is that in most reading comprehension sections, you will be called upon to answer questions about the author's purpose, along with other concepts like main idea, vocabulary in context, inferences and more.

  以下是你需要注意的中央:绝大多数规范测试都会有阅读了解部分。我很肯定你晓得这个,但是若你不晓得,你就来对中央了。你可能不晓得,在大多数阅读了解中,你会被问到作者的意图是什么,还有其他的相似于主旨、文中词汇、推理等。

  If you have no idea what author's purpose means you're going to have a hard time finding it, huh? I thought so. Take a peek below to read a little more about this reading skill and how you can find it in those long reading passages on standardized tests.

  假如你不晓得作者的意图是什么,这就意味着你要花很多时间去找到它,是吗?我以为是这样的。那么你就能够多看看下面有关阅读技巧的内容,并学会在规范化测试中,找出长段落中作者的意图。

  Author's Purpose Practice

  作者的意图测试

  Author's Purpose Basics

  作者意图的基础

  The author's purpose is basically the reason he or she chose to act in a particular way, whether that's writing the passage, selecting a phrase, using a word, etc.

  作者的意图是其采取的共同方式的基础原因,不论是在写作,还是短语的选择、择词等方面。

  It differs from the main idea in that author's purpose not the point you're supposed to get or understand; rather, it's the why behind why the author picked up a pen or selected those words in the first place. It can be difficult to determine because, after all, you may not be inside the mind if the writer. You may not actually know why she or he chose to include a particular phrase or idea. The good news? The majority of author's purpose questions will come in multiple choice format. So you won't have to come up with the reason for an author's behavior. You'll just need to select the best choice.

  作者的意图不同于主旨,它并不是为了指出你应该接纳或了解什么,而是为什么作者当初会开端创作,或者选择那些词语。这很难决议,因为你毕竟不晓得作者内心的想法。你可能不会晓得为什么作者会采用一个短语或观念。那么好消息是什么呢?大多数调查作者意图的问题会以不同的形式呈现。所以你并不需要对作者的行为中止原因的剖析。你只需要选择一个最好的就能够了。

  If you're trying to determine the author's purpose on a standardized test, your question may look a little something like this:

  假如你在一场规范化测试中想要晓得作者的意图,就得问一些相似于这样的问题:

  1. The author most likely mentions the Depression in lines 33 - 34 to:

  A. identify the primary purpose for Social Security.

  B. criticize FDR's adoption of a program that would run out of money.

  C. contrast the effectiveness of the Social Security Program with that of family care.

  D. list another factor that contributed to the need for the Social Security Program.

  1.在33-34行中,作者提到大萧条最有可能是为了()

  A.指出社会保证的主要目的

  B.批判罗斯福总统采用耗尽资金的项目

  C.将社会保证的效果与家庭护理中止比较

  D.列出另外一个对社会保证需要有力的因素

  Author's Purpose Key Words

  关于作者意图的关键词

  There are a few key words associated with the author's purpose. Often times, you can narrow down what an author was trying to accomplish by looking at the language he or she used while writing. Take a look at the words below. The bold word will be used in the answer choices. The phrase following the bold words is an explanation of what it really means when you see it.

  这里有一些与作者意图有关的关键词。很多时分,你能够经过察看作者写作时运用的语言,从而将作者意图的范围减少。看看下面的词语,加粗的词语是答案的选项。下面的加粗短语是对你看到的其真实含义的解释。

  •Compare: Author wanted to show similarities between ideas

  比较:作者想展示观念之间的相似性

  •Contrast: Author wanted to show differences between ideas

  对照:作者想展示观念之间的不同点

  •Criticize: Author wanted to give a negative opinion of an idea

  批判:作者对观念持负面见地

  •Describe/Illustrate: Author wanted to paint a picture of an idea

  描画/阐明:作者想将观念描画出来

  •Explain: Author wanted to break down an idea into simpler terms

  解释:作者想将观念合成成更容易了解的的术语

  •Identify/List: Author wanted to tell the reader about an idea or series of ideas

  审定/列表:作者想通知读者一个或多个观念

  •Intensify: Author wanted to make an idea greater

  强化:作者想使观念愈加有力度

  •Suggest: Author wanted to propose an idea

  倡议:作者想提出一个想法

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