4. 结果状语从句

  结果状语从句常由so… that 或 such…that引导;so保管,that能够省略;如此……以致于……;

  eg:He didn't abide by the contract so that he was fined.

  He was so excited that he couldn't fall asleep.

  He made such an inspiring speech that everybody got excited.

  比较:so和 such (1)so:so +形容词、副词+that;so+形容词+a/an+名词+that;

  eg:The wind was so strong that we could hardly move forward.

  He run so fast that I couldn't catch up with him.

  It was so hot a day that crops wilted.

  He is so lovely a boy that everyone loves him.

  (2)such:such+a/an+形容词+名词+that

  eg:It was such a hot day that crops wilted.

  5. 比较状语从句:

  than, as…as…,not so as…,(not) the same as, the+比较级;

  eg:Light travels fast than sound.

  the+比较级:

  eg:The sooner,the better.

  eg:Girls are thus seen as less valuable than boys and art kept at home to do housework while their brothers are sent to school - the prophecy(预言) becomes self- fulfilling, trapping women in a vicious circle (恶性循环) of neglect.

  (1)当……的时分:while, when, as ;

  when:强调一件事情正在发作的时分,另外一件事情突然发作;

  eg:When I was watching TV, my mother came back.

  while:强调两个动作同时中止,一边……一边……;

  eg:My father is cooking while my mother is reading newspaper.

  as:"随时间推移"

  eg:As time went by, the days became longer and longer.

  (2)一……就……:as soon as ,主将从现;用directly,immediately, instantly衔接两个句子;一些名词如the minute,the moment, the instant也可表示;no sooner… than, hardly… when后面的句子需要倒装;

  eg:I will write to you the moment/minute I arrived in Paris.

  (3)特殊单词:by the time that, every/each time(运用时后面不要再加when)

  (4)till&until:

  ① 肯定形式表示的意思是"做某事直至某时",动词必需是延续性的;

  承认形式表达的意思是"直至某时才做某事",一般用until,动词为延续性或非延续性都能够;

  eg: I slept until midnight.

  Wait till I call you.

  She didn't arrive until 6 o'clock.

  ② Until可用于句首,而till通常不用于句首,通常用于句中;

  eg: Until you told me, I had heard nothing of what happened.

  eg:As you sleep you pass through a sequence of sleep states―light sleep, deep sleep and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep―that repeats approximately every 90 minutes.

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