being 既能够是谓语动词,也能够是非谓语动词。作为谓语动词,其用法比较简单,主要用于构成中止时态(含被动语态的中止时态);作为非谓语动词,其用规律比较复杂,可用于引出短语构成主语、宾语、宾语补足语、定语、状语等。$lesson$

  一、being 用作谓语动词

  1.当 being 为助动词时,用作谓语动词的 being 主要与过去分词连用,构成被动语态。如:

  I’m always being criticized.转自环 球 网 校edu24ol.com

  我总是挨批。

  He is being interviewed now.

  他往常正在接受面试。

  He is being met at the station tonight.

  今晚有人去车站迎接他。

  2. 当 being 为连系动词时,用作谓语动词的 being 主要与形容词连用,表示暂时特征或暂时现象。如:

  You’re being stupid.

  你真傻。

  You are not being very polite.转自环 球 网 校edu24ol.com

  你可是不大客气呀。

  Your brother is being very annoying this evening.

  你兄弟今晚很烦人。

  二、being 用作非谓语动词

  1. 当 being 为助动词时,用作非谓语动词的 being 具有以下用法:

  (1) 作主语。如:

  Being lost can be a terrifying experience. 迷路可能是一种很可怕的阅历。

  Being recognized wherever you go is the price you pay for being famous. 知名所付出的代价是不论你走到哪里,都会被人认出来。

  (2) 作宾语。

  He can’t stand being kept waiting. 让他等着,他可不干。

  Do you like being stared at? 你愿意人家盯着你看吗?

  (3) 作宾语补足语。如:

  I saw him being taken away by the police. 我看到他正被警察带走。

  I found myself being drawn into another dreary argument. 我发现居然不由自主又参与了一次无聊的争论。

  It’s interesting (for children) to see a house being built. (孩子们)看造房子是挺有趣的事。

  (4) 作定语。如:

  Did you see that boy being questioned by the police? 你看见那个男孩遭到警察的盘诘了吗?

  We are going to reduce the number of trees being cut down. 我们要减少砍伐的树的数量。

  (5) 作状语。如:

  Being given a chance, she immediately jumped at it. 给了她这个机遇,她立刻抓住了。

  Being well taken care of, she recovered quickly. 她遭到很好的照顾,身体恢复得很快。

  注:有时 being可带有自己的逻辑主语(构成独立主格结构)。如:

  The question being settled, we went home. 问题处置之后,我们就回家了。

  2. 当 being 为连系动词时,用作非谓语动词的 being 具有以下用法:

  (1) 作主语。如:

  Being tired often makes me short-tempered. 我一累就容易发脾气。

  Being deaf and dumb makes communication very difficult. 又聋又哑很难与人交往。

  (2) 作宾语。如:

  I don’t like being in the office all day. 我不喜欢整天呆在办公室里。

  You can be alone without being lonely. 你能够独处而不感到寂寞。

  (3) 作宾语补足语。如:

  He said it to stop her being too proud. 他说这话是想要她不要太自豪。

  I’m sorry to see you being so sad about it. 看到你对这事这样伤心,我很难过。

  She complains of the room being too small for her. 她埋怨房间太小了。

  (4) 作状语。如:

  Being anxious to please him, I bought him a nice present. 因为我想讨好他,我给他买了一件好礼物。

  Being unemployed, he hasn’t got much money. 由于他没有工作,他没有几钱。

  (5) 用于独立主格结构。如:

  It being a holiday, all the shops were shut. 由于是假日,一切商店都关门了。

  The weather being hot, we had to stay at home. 由于天气炎热,我们只好呆在家里。

  There being no further business, l declare the meeting closed. 没有再要讨论的事了,我宣布散会。

  Other things being equal, Alice would marry Jim. 假如其他条件都一样的话,爱莉丝就会嫁给吉姆。

  三、being 用法的限制

  1. 当 being 为连系动词时,非谓语动词结构 being ... 可用作主语、宾语、宾语补足语、状语等,但是不能用作定语。遇此状况,可思索改用定语从句。如:

  凡10点钟以后仍在外面的人将被拘捕。

  误:Anyone being outside after ten o’clock will be arrested.

  正:Anyone who is outside after ten o’clock will be arrested.

  2. 当 being 为助动词时,非谓语动词结构 being ... 可用作主语、宾语、宾语补足语、状语等,也可用作定语。如:

  The house being built is our new library. 正在建的房子是我们的新图书馆。

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