1. The substance can be added to gasoline to accelerate (B级)the speed of automobiles. 

     A) quicken    B)shorten        C) loosen   D) enlarge

1. A. accelerate v.加速, 促进, 所以A(加快)是答案。shorten v.缩短, (使)变短;loosen v.解开, 放松, 松开; enlarge v.扩展, 放大; 词缀-en通常加在某些形容词的前面或后面,使其变成相应的动词,该词缀的含义是“使变得愈加..”, 如:enlarge就是“使变得更大/扩展”。

 

2. We should never content (B级)ourselves with only a little knowledge.

     A) convince    B)satisfy       C) comfort  D) benefit     

2. B. 依据句意(我们切不可…仅仅有一点点知识。)判别B(使满足)是答案。convince vt.使确信, 使信服; benefit n.利益, 益处vt.有益于, 有助于; comfort n.安慰, 温馨vt.安慰, 使(痛苦等)缓和。

3. We should contemplated (B级)the problem from all sides.

     A) deliberated    B)thought        C) described    D) designed

3. A. 借助搭配结构“…问题”扫除B(think后通常带宾语从句或带介词)和D(D的词义为“设计”, 因而D与“问题”搭配不合理)。依据句意(我们应该…问题的各个方面)判别A(认真思索)最适合。

 

4. His health had deteriorated (B级)while he was in prison.

  A) became better    B)became worse        C) became stronger  D) became weaker

4. B. 借助搭配“安康…”,扫除C和D(strong(强)和 weak(弱)都不能与“health/安康”搭配运用,只要“身体”才说强弱),再借助句意(在监狱服刑期间他的安康…)判别B(变得更糟糕)最合理。deteriorate v.(使)恶化 。

5. How can we reduce the risk of cancer?

A) cut in       B) cut down     C) cut off      D) cut out 

5.B. 划线词是基本词汇, 其含义是“减少”,被选项是由同一动词组成的短语结构(提示:能够借助短语结构中某个单词的词义来推测短语可能具有的含义),从“减少”这个词义来看, B最可能是答案(down  有“向下”的含义)。该句的大意是“我们怎样才干降低癌症的风险?”。cut in是“插话”;cut down是“减少,削减”;cut off是“中断, 切断”; cut out是“切去, 删除”。

   

6. The steadily rising cost of labor on the waterfront has greatly increased the cost of shipping cargo by water.

A) continuously      B) quickly       C) excessively    D) exceptionally

6. A.划线词steadily是“稳定地;不时地”,该词与A(不时地,连续地)是近义词。excessively是“过度地”;  exceptionally是“例外地,异常地”,quickly是“很快地” 。该句的大意是“劳动力本钱的持续上升已经大大地增加了经过水路运输货物的费用。”

 

7. His new girlfriend had omitted (B级)to tell him that she was married.

  A)failed      B) deleted      C) refused D) rejected

7. A. 借助划线词的搭配结构特性―带不定式结构, 判别A(fail to do sth./没有…)和 C(refuse to do sth./拒绝做…)可能成为答案。从句意义上看“他新交的女友没有通知他她结婚了。”更通畅, 所以A是答案。omit是“遗漏,疏忽,忘记”, delete(删去)和reject(拒绝,抵御)都是及物动词, 后面必需带宾语。

 

8. If you want my advice, you should revise (B级)your plan for the trip to Beijing.

  A) change    B)exchange       C) enlarge  D) encourage   

8. A. 借助划线词所在的搭配结构“…你的计划” 判别A(改动)最适合。 该句句意是“假如你接受我的倡议,你应该改动你北京之行的计划。” exchange是“互换,交流,兑换”;enlarge是“扩展,扩展”;encourage是“鼓舞”,revise“修订, 改动”。

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