Need for Emphasis on Treatment

AIDS programs in developing countries put too little emphasis on treatment, the World Health Organization said Tuesday, asking for more small community-based clinics to be opened to treat HIV-infected people.

An estimated 36 million people are living with AIDS, two-thirds of them in Africa, but only 440,000 people in developing countries were receiving treatment by the end of 2003, the UN health agency said in its annual report.

“Without treatment, all of them will die a premature and in most cases painful death,” the WHO said in the 169-page World Health Report.

WHO Director General Lee Jong-wook said community-based treatment should be added to disease prevention and care for sufferers in AIDS programs.

“Future generations will judge our time in large part by our response to the AIDS disease,” Lee said.

“By tackling it decisively we will also be building health systems that can meet the health needs of today and tomorrow. This is a historic opportunity we cannot afford to miss,” he added.

Antiretroviral drugs enable people hit by AIDS to live longer. The annual cost of treatment, which was about $ 10,000 when the drugs were first developed, has dropped to about $ 150.

Treatment programs also help AIDS prevention efforts, the report said, citing great demands for testing and counseling where treatment has been made available.

Good counseling in turn leads to more effective prevention in those who are uninfected, and significantly reduces the potential for HIV carriers to pass on the infection, the report said.

Since its discovery in the 1980s, more than 20 million have died of AIDS, mostly in poor countries.

1. Which is true of many AIDS sufferers in developing countries?
    A. they put too little emphasis on treatment.
    B. They are not receiving any treatment.
    C. They refuse to be treated
    D. They live longer than those in developed countries.

2. The WHO publishes its World Health Report
    A. once every two years
    B. once a decade
    C. once a year
    D. twice a year

3. According to Lee, our response to the AIDS disease is
    A. a matter of great significance
    B. a matter of little significance
    C. overemphasized
    D. timely

4. AIDS treatment programs may also result in..
    A. better drugs
    B. lower yearly cost
    C. more effective prevention
    D. greater emphasis on treatment

5. How many people have died of AIDS so far?
    A. 36 million
    B.46 million
    C. Around 440,000
    D. More than 20 million

答案与解析:

1. 文章标题剖析:Need for (需要…)emphasis on (强调/ 增强)treatment(治疗)
文章标题内容为“需要增强治疗”。依据标题内容判别, 文章应该为论述文。 但从标题中不能得知需要对什么疾病或什么病人增强治疗, 因而参看文章开头的句子:

AIDS(艾滋病) programs(计划, 节目, 编程序) in developing countries (展开中国度)put too little(很少的,短暂的) emphasis on(把重点放在...) treatment, the World Health Organization(世界安康组织) said Tuesday(星期二), asking for(要求) more small(小的) community-based(树立在社区的) clinics(诊所) to be opened to(开放) treat(治疗) HIV-infected(感染了HIV病毒的) people.

文章第一句说“世界安康组织指出展开中国度的艾滋病计划没有把重点放在艾滋病的治疗上,要求开放社区证所收治感染了HIV病毒的病人”。这是一个反映权威观念的句子, 并且作为文章第一句呈现, 因而很可能就是文章主题句。在文章中AIDS重复呈现,因而AIDS是文章主题词,分离文章标题综合判别文章主题内容为“需要在展开中国度增强艾滋病的治疗”。

An estimated 36 million people are living with AIDS, two-thirds of them in Africa, but only 440,000 people in developing countries were receiving treatment by the end of 2003, the UN health agency said in its annual report.

“Without treatment, all of them will die a premature and in most cases painful death,” the  WHO said in the 169-page World Health Report.

WHO Director General Lee Jong-wook said community-based treatment should be added to disease prevention and care for sufferers in AIDS programs.

“Future generations will judge our time in large part by our response to the AIDS disease,” Lee said.

“By tackling it decisively we will also be building health systems that can meet the health needs of today and tomorrow. This is a historic opportunity we cannot afford to miss,” he added.

Antiretroviral drugs enable people hit by AIDS to live longer. The annual cost of treatment, which was about $ 10,000 when the drugs were first developed, has dropped to about $ 150.

Treatment programs also help AIDS prevention efforts, the report said, citing great demands for testing and counseling where treatment has been made available.

Good counseling in turn leads to more effective prevention in those who are uninfected, and significantly reduces the potential for HIV carriers to pass on the infection, the report said.

Since its discovery in the 1980s, more than 20 million have died of AIDS, mostly in poor countries.

2. 直接解题:

1 Which is true(真实的, 真正的) of many(许多的) AIDS sufferers(患者, 受害者) in developing countries?

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