同位语从句属于名词性从句,大多由隶属连词that引导,常常跟在fact,idea,opinion,news,hope,belief等名词后面。同位语从句一般用来解释或阐明这些名词的详细含义或内容,在逻辑上表现为同位关系。例如:

  They are familiar with the opinion that all matter consists of atoms.他们很熟习这一观念,一切的物质都是由原子构成的。

  1、从先行词来看

  同位语从句与名词之间在逻辑上是"主语+be+表语"的关系。该名词是需要做特殊阐明的笼统名词。例如:

  They were delighted at the news that their team had won.当听到他们的球队赢了的消息时,他们欣喜若狂。

  2、从引导词来看

  引导词that在同位语从句中是连词,只起衔接作用,无详细词义,that不可省略;that在定语从句中是关系代词,它在从句中充任一定成分――主语或宾语,有详细词意,作宾语时还能够省略。试比较:

  The factory(that)we visited yesterday is a chemical one.我们昨天参观的那家工厂是化工厂。(that在从句中作宾语,所以此句是宾语从句)

  The news that he will leave for Shanghai is true.他将要去上海的消息是真的。(that只起衔接从句的作用,所以此句是同谓语从句)

?2009年成人高考网上辅导计划
?起点语文历年考试状况及考试难点提示

09年成考高起点英语温习资料--同位语从句


?2008年成人高考高起点语文试题剖析
?成人高考高起点语文常见病句在线习题

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