Hair Detectives (C级) 理工
Scientists have found a way to use hair to figure out where a person is from and where that person has been. The finding could help solve crimes, among other useful applications.
Water is central to the new technique. Our bodies break water down into its parts: hydrogen and oxygen. Atoms of these two elements end up in our tissues and hair.转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com
But not all water is the same. Hydrogen and oxygen atoms can vary in how much they weigh. Different forms of a single element are called isotopes. And depending on where you live, tap water contains unique proportions of the heavier and lighter isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen.
Might hair record these watery quirks? That’s what James R. Ehleringer, an environmental scientist at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, wondered.
To find out, he and his colleagues collected hair from barbers and hair stylists in 65 cities in 18 states across the United States. The researchers assumed that the hair they collected came from people who lived in the area.转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com
Even though people drink a lot of bottled water these days, the scientists found that hair overwhelmingly reflected the concentrations of hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in local tap water. That’s probably because people usually cook their food in the local water. What’s more, most of the other liquids people drink including milk and soft drinks contain large amounts of water that also come from sources within their region.
Scientists already knew how the composition of water varies throughout the country. Ehleringer and colleagues combined that information with their results to predict the composition of hair in people from different regions. One hair sample used in Ehleringer’s study came from a man who had recently moved from Beijing, China, to Salt Lake City. As his hair grew, it reflected his change in location.
The new technique can’t point to exactly where a person is from, because similar types of water appear in different regions that span a broad area. But authorities can now use the information to analyze hair samples from criminals or crime victims and narrow their search for clues.
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1. What does the writer say about tap water? Which of the following is NOT correct?
A) Tap water reflects the concentrations of hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in different regions.
B) Tap water is a kind of soft drink in the United States.
C) Tap water contains unique proportions of isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen.
D) Tap water is used to cook food.
2. James R. Ehleringer tried to find out _______.
A) if our bodies break water down into its parts.
B) of it is possible to collect hair samples across the country.
C) if tap water contains unique proportions of isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen.
D) if the composition of hair can indicate exactly where people are from.
3.Which of the following statements is meant by the writer?
A) Ehleringer was successful in his research.
B) Ehleringer failed in his research.
C) Ehleringer can be a successful detective.
D) Ehleringer’s research proved successful in China.转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com
4.What does the last paragraph tell you?
A) The new technique can tell precisely where a person lives.
B) Water supplied in different regions all come from the same source.
C) Types of water used in different regions provide useful information for the police.
D) Hair samples provide the most important clues to identify crimes.
5. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the title?
A) Human hair may help detectives to solve crimes.转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com
B) Animal hair may help detectives to solve crimes.
C) Detectives watch hairy criminals closely.
D) Most detectives are hair specialists.
第6篇 Hair Detectives侦探 难