The beginning of American literature

American has always been a land of beginnings. After Europeans “ discovered” America in the fifteenth century, the mysterious New World became for many people a genuine hope of a new life, an escape from poverty and persecution, a chance to start again. We can say that, as nation, America begins with that hope. When, however, does American literature begin? 

American literature begins with American experiences. Long before the first colonists arrived, before Christopher Columbus, before the Northmen who found America about year 1,000, Native Americans lived here. Each tribe's literature was tightly woven into the fabric of daily life and reflected the unmistakably American experience of lining with the land. Another kind of experience, one filled with fear and excitement, found its expression in the reports that Columbus and other explorers sent home in Spain, French and English. In addition, the journals of the people who lived and died in the New England wilderness' tell unforgettable tales of hard end sometimes heartbreaking experiences of those early years.

Experience, then, is the key to early American literature. The New World provided a great variety of experiences, and experiences demanded a wide variety of expressions by an even  wider variety of early American writers. These writers included John Smith, who spent only two-and-a-half year: on the American, continent. They included Jonathan Edwards and William Byrd,who thought of themselves as British subjects, never suspecting a revolution that  would create a United States of America with a literature of its own. American Indians, explorers,Puritan ministers, frontier wives, plantation owner一they  are all the creators of the first American literature.


1) What does “that hope”in the first paragraph refer to?

A)The hope that America would be discovered.
  B) The hope to start a life.
  C) The hope to see the mysteries of the New World.
  D) The hope to find poverty here.

2. When did American literature begin?

A) Before the American natives lived there.
  B) When Columbus and other explorers gent reports back home..
  C) When tire Northmen found America in about 1,000.
  D) Long before the year 1,000.

3. What can we learn from the literature of the tribes of the native Americans?

A) About the everyday fife of the native Americans.
  B) About the arrival of Columbus
  C) About the experience of the first European settlers
  D) About the experience of those who died in the New England wilderness.

4. The main purpose of the last paragraph is to tell the readers that

A) in the early days most American writers were from Great Britain.
B) people with rich life experience became writers.
C) there were many writers in the early days of American history
D) early-day experience provided the foundation for American literature.

5. According to the last paragraph, which of the following statements is true about America literature?

A) Some British writers started American literature.,
  B) Early-day American literature is a reflection of the boring life then.
  C) Some British writers had doubts about the future of American literature.
  D) Some British writers had great confidence in the future of American literature.










1.分析文章标题:the beginning (开始)of American literature(文学)


1) What does “that hope” in the first paragraph(段落) refer to(指, 查阅, 谈到)?
  A)The hope that America would be discovered(发现).
  B) The hope to start(开始) a life(生命, 生活,寿命).
  C) The hope to see the mysteries(神秘的事情, 神秘)  of the New World(新世界).
  D) The hope to find poverty(贫穷) here.

B.解析:首先找到“that hope”在文章中的位置:

(第一段)American has always been a land of beginnings. After(在..之后) Europeans “ discovered”(发现) America in the fifteenth century(世纪), the mysterious(神秘的) New World became for many people a genuine(真正的, 真诚的) hope of a new life, an escape from (逃避)poverty and persecution(迫害), a chance(机会) to start(开始) again(再次). We can say that, as nation, America begins with that hope. When, however, does American literature begin? 

“that hope”就是指前一句中的a genuine hope of a new life/开始新生活的真诚希望。

2. When did American literature (文学)begin(开始)?




其他固定搭配 credit card信用卡 next door隔壁 face to face面对面地 a few有些,几个 a little一点,稍微,一些,少许 quite a little相当多,不少 the moment(that)一……就 I.D.card身份证 no doubt无疑


① 凡本站注明“稿件来源:中国教育在线”的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属本网所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式复制发


Think as a Hacker Does At the brand-new Hacker Academy in Chicago,US,students learn about phishing schemes1, firewall breaches,and advanced tricks for breaking into confidential documents and revealing passwords2. But it's not n


初三英语总温习资料 八种动词时态,有的只要求抵达了解层次,有的则要求抵达熟练运用层次。至少其中五种时态包括过去中止时是要求抵达熟练运用层次的,而且其调查方式肯定不


1.A will is a document written to ensure that the wishes of the deceased (adj.已故的)are realized . A) fulfilled B) accepted C) adopted D) received 2. She has been the subject of massive media coverage. A) extensive B) negative C) expe