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2015年职称英语卫生类C级阅读了解资料(3)

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  2015年职称英语卫生类C级阅读了解资料(3)

  Medical Journals

  Medical journals are publications that report medical information to physicians and other health professionals.

  In the past, these journals were available only in print. With the development of electronic publishing. many medical journals now have Web sites on the Internet, and some journals publish only online. A few medical journals, like the Journal of the American Medical Association, are considered general medical journals because they cover many fields of medicine. Most medical journals are specialty journals that focus on a particular area of medicine.

  Medical journals publish many types of articles. Research articles report the results of research studies on a range of topics varying from the basic mechanisms of diseases to clinical trials that compare outcomes of different treatments. Review articles summarize and analyze the information available on a specific topic based on a careful search of the medical literature. Because the results of individual research studies can be affected by many factors, combining results from different studies on the same topic can be helpful in reaching conclusions about the scientific evidence for preventing, diagnosing or treating a particular disease. Case conferences and case reports may be published in medical journals to educate physicians about particular illnesses and how to treat them. Editorials in medical journals are short essays that express the views of the authors, often regarding a research or review article published in the same issue. Editorials provide perspective on how the current article fits with other information on the same topic. Letters to the editor provide a way for readers of the medical journal to express comments, questions or criticisms about articles published in that journal.

  译文:

  医学杂志

  医学杂志是向医生和其他医务人员提供医学信息的出版物。

  在过去,这些杂志只要印刷版。随着电子出版的展开,许多医学杂志往常都有网站了,有些杂志 只要网络版。少数的医学杂志,如《美国医学会杂志》,被看做是普通医学杂志,因为它们涵盖了医 学的许多范畴。大部分医学杂志都是针对特定医疗范畴的专业杂志。

  医学杂志刊登很多类型的文章。科研论文报告调查研究的结果,内容涵盖基础疾病机理和比较 不同疗法产生的结果的临床实验。综述文章在细致研究医学文献的基础上,总结和剖析与某个特定 话题相关的信息。由于个体研究之结果可能受很多因素的影响,因而将有关同一标题的不同研究之 结果汇总起来,可能有助于得出有关预防、诊断或是治疗某一疾病所需的科学证据的结论。病例会 诊和病例报告可能会刊登在医学杂志上,告知医生特定的疾病和如何治疗。医学杂志上的社论是表 达作者观念的短文章,它们经常是针对同一期杂志上刊登的一篇科研论文或综述文章的。社论提供 了一个整体见地,论述这篇文章是怎样和同一话题的其他信息联络在一起的。读者来信为医学杂志 的读者提供了发表评论、提问或批判杂志上刊登的文章的途径。

2015年职称英语卫生类C级阅读了解资料(3)

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