第6课   句子的三种形式及时态

  其实英语只要三种基本句型

  ▲ 主+系动词+表

词序

  主语   系动词   表语  

 

 

即句子的主体

 

用于衔接主语和表语

 

表示主语身份、状态以及所处的位置

 

词性

 

* 名词
代词

 

Be
(is, am, are)

 

* 名词 形容词
介词+*名词 (介词短语)

 

  注:*注意该结构中的名词,它们能被定语修饰。

  1 这个人 是 一个教员。

  主语 系 表语

  The man is a teacher.

   主语 系 表语(名词)n

  2 他 (是) 很忙。

  主语 系 表语

   He is busy.

  主语 系 表语(形容词)adj

  3 她(是)在教室里。

  主语 系 表语  

  She is in the classroom.

  主语 系 表语(介词短语)prep

  Be---is am are

  Be---------was were

  Be------- will be

  西门子 be the best

  I am rich. I was rich. I will be rich. I would be rich.

  ▲ 谓+主+状 该句型通常用于表达某地存在某物(人)

词序

 

3 状语

 

1 谓语

 

2 主语

 

3 状语

 

 

 

地点

 

存在

 

物或人

 

地点

 

词性

 

介词+名词

 

(There be)

 

名词

 

介词+名词
(介词短语)

 

  注:该结构中的状语能够置于句首或句尾。

  1 房间里 有 一张桌子。

  某地 there is 某物

  There is a table in the room.

  =In the room, there is a table.

  There is a fool in the room.

  There is a fool on the room.

  There is There are

  There was There were

  There will be

  There would be

 ▲ 主+谓+宾+状

词序

 

5 状语

 

1 主语

 

2 谓语

 

3 宾语

 

4 状语

 

5 状语

 

 

 

 

 

句子的主体

 

主语发出的动作

 

动作的接受者

 

修饰谓语动词

 

表示谓语动作发作的时间地点原因等

 

词性

 

介词+名词

 

名词
代词

 

动词
(do)

 

名词
代词
(宾格)

 

副词

 

介词+
名词

 

  注:在该结构中主谓是不可短少的部分,宾格有无取决于动词是及物还是不及物动词,状语依据需要而定。

  名词 介词短语 副词 动词 名词

  1. 学生们 在大学里 努力 学习 英语。

  The students study English hard in the university.

  主语 谓语 宾语 状语 状语

  In the university, the students study English hard.

  Even though ulcers(溃疡) appear to run in families, lifestyle plays扮演 more of a role角色 than genetic(基因的) factors in causing the illness来源环球网校, according to a report in the April 13th Journal of Internal Medicine. In particular, smoking and stress in men and the regular use of pain-releasing medicines in women were linked with an increased risk of developing an ulcer.

  1. The passage ar来源环球网校gues 指出that

  A. Ulcers are related to genes.

  B. Ulcers are chiefly related to lifestyle.

  C. Ulcers appear in men and women.

  D. Ulcers are caused by b infection.

  中国是圆脑袋,英国德国人是方脑袋。

  BE THERE BE DO

  The students study English.来源环球网校

  The students do not study English.

  Do the students study English?

  Does

  The student studies English .

  The student does not study English.

  Does the stu study English?

  ▲ 一般过去时态的基本用法

  一般过去时态表示过去的状态及发作的动作。来源环球网校

  Work----worked

  Eat -------ate

  drink drank

  不规则动词由来

  Did not

  The student studied English .

  The students did not study English.

  Did t student study English?

  ● I went to school yesterday。

 承认式及疑问句的构成

  ● I didn’t go to school yesterday.

  Did you go 来源环球网校to school yesterday?

  ▲ 一般未来时态的基本用法

  在英语中,表示未来的动作或状态时,有多种形式。这里引见四种常用形式。

  1. will, shall

  shall 用于第一人称,will用于其它人称。

  在现代英语中,尤其在美国,在表示未来的时分,一切人称都运用will而shall只用于一些习习用法。

  will

  ● She will arrive来源环球网校 in London on Friday.

  她将在星期五到伦敦。

  承认式及疑问句的构成

  ● She will not arrive in London on Friday.

  Will she arrive in London on Friday?

  2. to be (am, are, is ) going to do

  该种形式用来表示未来时,尤其是在口语中用的较多,常常含有“打算”的含义。

  ● I am going to get up at five o’clock tomorrow morning.

  我明天早上打算五点起床。

  承认式及疑问句的构成

  ● I am not going to get up at five o’clock tomorrow morning.

  Are you going to get 来源环球网校up at five o’clock tomorrow morning?

  die

  I am going to do

  He (She) is going to do………..

  We are going to do

  They (You ) are going to do…….

  ▲ 一般过去未来时态的基本用法

  过去未来时态实践上是过去时态与未来时态相加构成的时间概念。

  would

  ● I thought (think)he would take the chance.

  我想他会抓住这个机遇。来源环球网校

  (相关于thought这个过去时态的未来)

  2. to be ( was / were ) going to

  这种一般过去未来时态和我们上面讲的一般未来的用法是一样的。只是立足于过去某一点谈未来的事情。

  ● Yesterday, I was going to see my teacher. But I didn’t go.

  我打算昨天去看我的教员,但我没去。

  2. will, shall

  shall 用于第一人称,will用于其它人称。

  在现代英语中,尤其在美国,在表示未来的时分,一切人称都运用will而shall只用于一些习习用法。

  ● We will never forget you forever.

  我将永远不会忘记你。

  3. to be (am, are, is ) going to do (be)

  该种形式用来表示未来时,尤其是在口语中用的较多,常常含有“打算”的含义。

  ● Your fathert is going to die死.

  ● I’m going to have dinner at home this evening.

  今天晚上我打算在家吃晚饭。

  shall, will和to be going to的比较

  ● He is going to see 来源环球网校his teacher this afternoon.

  ● He will see his teacher this afternoon.

  第一句只是一种打算,第二句在一定水平上已经决议了。

  ● I’m going to climb to the top.

  ● I will climb to the top.

  第一句表达的是一种意向,第二句肯定水平比较大。

  will和to be going to的区别有时并不十分明显,能够换用,但在有些状况下却不行。

  ● I will never forget you.

  ? I’m not going to forget you.

  我们家谈末活动

  We are not going to see film.

  We are not going to see the park.

  We are not going to stay home.

  父亲病危,医在如何表达

  外企工作,与上司

  I’m not going

  我要死了,交待后事

  I’m not going to die.

  高考考点

  第二句不对。这里表示的不是一种打算而是一种不可能、决不会的意思。

  本课要求:

  You study English.

  You do not study English.

  Do you study English?

  You studied English.( You ate {eat} an apple)

  You did not study English.

  Did you study English?

  You will study English.

  You will not study English.

  Will you study English?

  You are going to study English.

  You are not going to study English.

  Are you going to study English?

  You would study English.

  Be going to

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