【摘要】2016年各省市成人英语三级考试行将到来。环球网校为各位考生提供“2016年成人英语三级阅读了解辅导:信息反动的影响”,英语阅读了解辅导详细内容请见下文,望对您温习成人英语三级阅读了解有所协助!

  编辑推荐:2016年各省市成人英语三级报名时间

  The Impact of the Information Revolution

  信息反动的影响(环球网校成人英语三级频道为您提供阅读了解辅导)

  What has been the impact of the information revolution, and how should we respond? Let's begin by considering how fast our world shifted to a computer-based society. At the end of World War II, the first electronic digital computer ENIAC weighed thirty tons, had 18,000 vacuum tubes, and occupied a space as large as a boxcar. Less than forty years later, many hand-held calculators had comparable computing power for a few dollars. Today most people have a computer on their desks with more computing power than engineers could imagine just a few years ago.

  什么是信息反动的冲击,我们又该如何应对?让我们开端思索如何快速世界转移到一个以计算机为基础的社会。在第二次世界大战完毕,第一台数字电子计算机ENIAC重达三十吨,有18000个真空管,并占据空间作为一个boxcar一样大。不到四十年后,许多手持计算器媲美的计算才干为几美圆。今天,大多数人都有一个电脑桌上有更多的计算才干比工程师能够想象,仅仅几年前。

  The impact of computers on our society was probably best seen when in 1982 Time magazine picked the computer as its "Man of the Year", actually listing it as "Machine of the Year". It is hard to imagine a picture of the Spirit of St. Louis or an Apollo Lander on the magazine cover under a banner "Machine of the Year".

  电脑对社会的影响可能是最好的当1982时期杂志把计算机作为它的“年度人物”,实践上它是“上市机器的一年”。很难想象在杂志封面图片的圣路易斯或阿波罗着陆的肉体旗帜”机器的一年”。

  This perhaps shows how important the computer has become in our society.

  这可能阐明如何重要的计算机已经成为我们的社会。

  The computer has become helpful in managing knowledge at a time when the amount of information is expanding rapidly. The information stored in the world's libraries and computers doubles every eight years. In a sense, the computer age and the information age seem to go hand in hand.

  计算机有利于知识管理在信息量迅速增长的。信息贮存在世界的图书馆和电脑每八年翻番。在某种意义上,电脑时期、信息时期似乎齐头并进。

  The rapid development and use of computing power, however, have also raised some significant social and moral questions. People in this society need to think clearly about these issues, but often ignore them or become confused:

  但是,运用的计算才干,快速展开,也提出了一些重要的社会和道德问题。在这个社会上的人需要思索分明这些问题,却往往无视了他们或混杂:

  One key issue is computer crime. In a sense, computer-fraud is merely a new field with old problems. Computer crimes are often nothing more than fraud, larceny, and embezzlement carried out by more sophisticated means. The crimes usually involve changing addresses, records, or files. In short, they are old-fashioned crimes using high technology.

  一个关键的问题是计算机立功。从某种意义上说,计算机狡诈是一个老问题的新范畴。计算机立功通常没有比诈骗,偷盗,和更复杂的方式中止贪污。立功通常触及改动地址,记载,或文件。总之,他们是老式的立功运用高技术。

  Another concern arises from the centralization of information. Govemmental agencies, banks, and businesses use computers to collect information on its citizens and customers. For example, it is estimated that the U.S. government has on average about fifteen files on each American. Nothing is inherently wrong with collecting information if the information can be kept confidential and is not used for immoral actions. Unfortunately, this is often difficult to guarantee.

  另一个问题来自集中的信息。政府机构,银行,和企业运用计算机搜集市民和客户信息。例如,据估量,美国政府已经平均约十五在美国每个文件。没有什么是搜集信息,假如信息是失密的,不能用于不道德行为实质上是错误的。不幸的是,这通常很难保证。

  In an information-based society, the centralization of information can be as dangerous as the centralization of power. We should be concerned about the collection and use of large amounts of person al information. In the past, centralized information processing was used for persecution.

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