阅读了解试题的做题办法我们称之为恢复定位法,即把试题准确地在原文中中止定位,找到答案所在的句子。这种办法的运用有三个步骤:

  1. 先看试题,后读原文。

  这样做既俭省了时间,又进步了做题的效率和准确度。

  2. 对试题在原文中的位置中止含糊定位。

  因为试题的出题次第和文章的叙述次第存在高度的一致性。

  3. 对试题在原文中的位置中止准肯定位。

  对试题在原文中的位置中止准肯定位的前提是抓住试题中的标志词和关键词。标志词主要包括①专有名词,是指表示人名、地名和组织机构等的名词,这样的名词在文章中一般都要大写;②表示时间或年代的词;③专业词汇,这样的词汇一般都是比较难懂,一般是我们不认识的词汇。关键词是指表达试题内容的中心词,一般是试题中的名词和名词词组。

  应用举例

  Scientists are racing to build the world‘s first thinking robot.This is not science fiction: some say they will have made it by the year 2020. Carol Packer reports.

  Machines that walk, speak and feel are no longer science fiction.Kismet is the name of an android(机器人)which scientists have built at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). (31) Kismet is different from the traditional robot because it Can show human emotions.Its eyes, ears and lips move to show when it feels happy, sad or bored.Kismet is one of the first of a new generation of androids-robots that look like human beings-which Can imitate human feelings.(32) Cog, another android invented by the MIT, imitates the action of a mother.However, scientists admit that So far Cog has the mental ability of a two-year-old.

  (33)The optimists(悲观主义者)say that by the year 2020 we will have created humanoids(机器人)with brains similar to those of all adult human being.These robots will be designed to look like people to make them more attractive and easier to sell to the public.What kind of jobs will they do? (34)In the future, robots like Robonaut, a humanoid invented by NASA, will be doing dangerous jobs, like repairing space stations.They will also be doing more and mom of the household work for us In Japan, scientists are designing androids that will entertain us by dancing and playing the piano.

  Some people worry about what the future holds: will robots become monsters(怪物)? Will people themselves become increasingly like robots? Experts predict that more and more people will be wearing micro-computers, connected to the Internet, in the future.People will have micro-chips in various parts of their body, which will connect them to a wide variety of gadgets(小装置). Perhaps we should not exaggerate(夸大)the importance of technology, but one wonders whether, in years to come, we will still be falling in love, and whether we will still feel pain.Who knows?

  31. Kismet is different from traditional robots because

  A. it thinks for itself

  B. It is not like science fiction

  C. it can look after two―year-old.

  D. it seems to have human feelings.

  解:本题的标志词是Kismet,关键词组是different from traditional robots,我们在文章第二段的第二句话中找到了试题在文章中的位置,细细读这句话。选项D和这句话的意思是最接近的,因为第二句话中有这样一句it Can show human emotions,选项中的feelings和文章中的emotions是同义词交流,这是阅读了解正确项的一个出题原则。因而是正确答案。

  32. What makes Cog special?

  A. It looks like a mother.

  B. It behaves like a child.

  C. It can imitate the behavior of a mother.

  D. It has a huge brain.

  解:本题的标志词是Cog,接着读文章,在文中寻找关于Cog的论述。关于Cog的论述出往常31题所对应的原文的后面,只要两句话,认真读完这两句话后,我们发现选项C和原文是对应的,只是文中的单词action被交流成了他的同义词behavior,这是学位英语考试中阅读了解选项设置的一个特性,即同义词交流。

  33. In about 15 years‘ time from now, robots

  A. will become space designers.

  B. will look like monsters.

  C. will behave like animals.

  D. will think like humans.

  解:本题的标志词是表示时间的15 years'time,在读文章是要注意文章中时间词呈现的中央。我们接着度第三段,读完以后,我们在文章中没有发现15 years'time.但依据含糊定位的原则,第三题所对应的原文就出往常第二题所对应的原文的下面,我们再认真读第三段。在第一句话中,只呈现了时间词2020,标题问的是“从往常起15年以后,机器人会…”,我们一经算计,15年以后,那就是2020年了。所以标题是间接的提问,需要经过我们的计算。那么这道试题所对应的原文就是第三段的前两句话,读完后我们发现选项D. will think like humans.和文章中的句子with brains similar to those of all adult human being.是最接近的,选项D是对文章句子的同义改写,这又是阅读了解试题选项设置的一个原则。

  34. In the future robots will also

  A. explore space.

  B. entertain people.

  C. move much faster.

  D. do all of the housework.

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