1、主语:是句子要阐明的人或物,能够作主语的成分有名词,主语一般在句首。注意名词单数形式常和冠词不分家!

1)Mr. Lee is a well-known scientist. 名词作主语

2)He reads newspapers everyday. 代词作主语

3)Two and ten is twelve. 数词作主语

4)Smoking is harmful to the health. 动名词作主语

5)To swim in that pool is a great pleasure. 动词不定式作主语

6)What we shall do next is not yet decided. 从句作主语

2、谓语: 阐明主语的动作,状态或特征

1)The new term begins on the 1st of September.

2)His father is an engineer.

3)She seemed happy.

4)Li Hua showed me his album.

3、宾语:指的是及物动词触及到的人或物

1)Wang Ling lent me a novel to read in the bus.

2)The medicine is good for a cold.

3)How many pieces do you want?

4)My little sister always likes to ask questions.

5)Would you mind coming earlier tomorrow?

6)He asked me what I was going to do tonight

4、宾语补足语:在宾语后面补充阐明宾语的动作、状态、特征。

1)The government appointed(任命)her chief delegate (首席代表)to the conference.

2)I don't believe the story true.

3)You should put your things in order(有序).

4)The doctor advised her to stay in bed for a week.

5)We saw the pupils playing basketball.

5、表语:位于系动词如be之后,阐明主语身份,特征,属性或状态。

1)Wang's father is a doctor.

2)He is always careless.

3)The basketball match is on.

4)All the pupils are on the playground now.

5)Our aim is to win more medals.

6)His work is teaching French.

7)The question is who can really repair the machines.

还有位于以下系动词后面的词,我们也称之为表语:

表示感官的:look--fxgr--seem(看起来)、sound(听起来)、smell(闻起来)、taste(尝起来)、feel(觉得起来):

He looks disappointed(形容词作表语)他看起来很失望。

The rubbish smells terrible.渣滓很难闻。

表示变化的:get、become、turn(变得)。It becomes hotter and hotter(形容词作表语)。 天变得越来越热了。

6、定语:是对名词或代词起修饰、限定作用的词、短语或句子,翻译常用'……的’表示。

Tom is a handsome boy. The two boys are students.

His boy needs Tom's pen. The boy in the classroom needs a pen of yours.

The boy needs a ball pen. The best boy here is Tom.

There is nothing to do today. The smiling boy needs a pen bought by his mother.

This is the new dictionary which I bought yesterday.

7、状语:状语修饰动词、形容词、副词或全句,阐明方式、因果、条件、时间、地点、退让、方向、水平、目的等。

1)She sings quite well.

2)On Sundays, there is no student in the classroom.

3)He sits there, asking for a pen.

4)The boy needs a pen to do his homework.

5)If I have some spare time, I will read some story-books.

8、同位语是在名词或代词之后并列名词或代词对前者加以阐明的成分,近乎于后置定语。如:

We students should study hard.(students是we的同位语,都是指同一批'学生’)

We all are students.(all是we的同位语,都指同样的'我们’)

试听外教课
  • 下一篇:没有了

相关推荐

2014年成人英语三级阅读理解要识别文体

特别推荐: 2014年成人英语三级保过套餐 成人英语三级考试第一部分:阅读了解(Part I Reading Comprehension),共15题,考试时间40分钟。要求考生阅读三篇短文,总阅读量不超越900个词。每

平湖成人口语培训需要如何选择培训机构

平湖成人口语培训需要如何选择培训机构 选择专业的口语培训机构主要看教学模式,以及教材,口语一定是从最基础的开始掌握,从易到难不停的开口联系,才能到到流利交流的目的

2015年成人英语三级语法练习:一般过去时

例:You′ve already missed too many classes this term.You ____ two classes just last week. A.missed B.would miss C.had missed D.have missed 【答案】A (1995年59题) (2)used to do sth.过去常常做…… 例:I used to take a wal

零基础学英语:语法入门之将来时态

常用语法辅导:四种将来时态的用法归纳 ■ 一般将来时 1. 基本用法及表示方法。一般将来时的基本用法是表示单纯的将来事实,由“will / shall + 动词原形”构成。如: We shall have a

2016年成人英语三级常用词根词缀fus复习

【摘要】2016年上半年各省市成人英语三级考试行将到来,词汇语法题是成人英语三级考试中很重要的题型。环球网校为各位考生提供2016年成人英语三级常用词根词缀fus温习,词根词缀

成人英语三级考试经验分享

经过一翻努力,终于经过了学位英语的考试,学位证在向俺招手。其实过了之后再看,其实英语三级真的不难,并不是我过了就在这里说风凉话,因为首先我觉得英语三级的规律性极